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Pregnancy side effects & complications

While pregnancy can be a joyous time, it can also leave you feeling sick and tired. At Novant Health Huntersville OB/GYN, we regularly help patients manage common and unique side effects and complications of pregnancy including:

Morning sickness

Morning sickness is nausea or vomiting during pregnancy, typically during the first trimester. Despite its name, morning sickness can strike at any time of day. When morning sickness is severe, it is called hyperemsis gravidarum. Morning sickness typically goes away by the second trimester. Your provider might suggest medication or vitamins to lessen morning sickness. Other things you can try include:

  • Eating high-protein snacks.
  • Having frequent, small meals instead of full ones.
  • Eating a nourishing snack before bed at night.
  • Increasing your intake of fluids such as water, fruit juice and clear soups.
  • Taking it easy, especially in the mornings, as rushing around can make nausea worse.
  • Avoiding eating while you are active, as activity during or immediately after eating can make nausea works.
  • Eating a cracker, bread or other small snack before getting out bed in the morning.

If morning sickness is making it difficult for you to keep fluids down or to carry on daily activities, let your provider know.

Gestational diabetes

Marked by high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, gestational diabetes is typically developed between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy. It usually disappears after birth and is not often passed to the baby. All pregnant women are routinely tested for gestational diabetes because often there are no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they can include unusual thirst, excessive hunger, excessive urnation, frequent infections and high blood pressure.

Gestational diabetes can increase your baby's weight and cause other health effects. It is important to manage gestational diabetes with healthy eating, physical activity and monitoring blood sugar levels. If you are found to have gestational diabetes, your providers will work closely with you to help you monitor and control the condition.

Preeclampsia

Also referred to as pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) or toxemia, preeclampsia is a condition marked by high blood pressure, protein in the urine and fluid retention. The condition is normally resolved after delivery. In some cases, if the baby is being adversely affected, it might become necessary to induce labor early.

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